Find brochures, pdfs, technical datasheets and rayfiles. In a rapid restrike starter embodying the invention, a starting circuit applies a series of high voltage pulses, each of approximately the same magnitude through a transformer in series with the ballast and the high intensity discharge lamp to be started, a voltage triggered switch such as a sidac is used to turn the starting circuit on at a predetermined voltage, a second voltage triggered. Highintensity discharge lamps hid lamps produce light by passing an electric current between two tungsten electrodes inside a glass tube containing gases and. Electronic ballasts for highintensity discharge lamps. Xenon arc lamps, lowpressure sodium lamps, and automotive lamps are not addressed in this ies approved method. Available in a document dubbed lsd 14, the guidelines cover dimming applications, combinations, and practices. Mercury vapor lamps have lifetimes of up to 24,000 hours. Welcome to the high intensity discharge bulbs store, where youll find great prices on a wide range of different high intensity discharge bulbs for your home. Behaviour of a highintensity discharge lamp fed by a high. Their efficiency is up to 140 lumens per watt and the light produced is a warm golden color. Types of high intensity discharge lamps mercury vapor lamps mercury vapor lamps are widely used to light both indoor and outdoor areas such as gymnasiums, factories, department stores, banks, highways, parks, and sports fields. In an earlier study performed at a tabletennis match played in high intensity discharge lighting with. Because of their yellow light output, they are frequently used in street lighting and other areas where color high intensity discharge hid.
Common characteristics of hid lamps msc industrial direct. Highintensity discharge lamps hid lamps are a type of electrical gas discharge lamp which produces light by means of an electric arc between tungsten electrodes housed inside a translucent or transparent fused quartz or fused alumina arc tube. Ceramic discharge metal halide lamps pulse start metal halide lamps protected metal halide lamps standard metal halide lamps single ended metal halide lamps double ended metal halide lamps color metal halide lamps aquarium metal halide lamps high pressure sodium lamps high pressure sodium noncycling lamps high pressure sodium standby lamps. Light and light sources gives an introduction to the working principles of highintensity discharge hid lamps and points out challenges and problems associated. This document, concerning test procedures for highintensity. Led replacements for high intensity discharge hid lighting. Even better, the popular 100 and 400watt types feature 6% and 11% higher initial lumens respectively than standard lamps. How do high intensity discharge hid grow lights work. Study of emitted radiations in high intensity discharge hid lamps.
It addresses life testing of highintensity discharge lamps operated on auxiliary devices, either external or integrated, designed and certified to meet lamp industry standards and tolerance. Pdf spectral and photopic studies for high intensity discharge. Pdf tabletennis under high intensity discharge hid. Highintensity discharge lampshighintensity discharge hid. Light and light sources highintensity discharge lamps peter g. When lamps are broken or placed in a landill or incinerator, the mercury can contaminate the air, surface water and ground water.
High intensity discharge lighting fixtures by underwriters laboratories. Expectations in high intensity discharge universal lighting technologies universal offers a wide array of ballasts for high intensity discharge hid lamps. The current produces an arc discharge of very efficient light with a longer life than a std. See our entire assortment of high intensity discharge products. Hewitt lamp developed by peter cooper hewitt in 1901. Philips 175watt ed28 mercury vapor high intensity discharge. This term denotes a general group of lamps consisting ofmercury,metal halide, and highpressure sodium lamps. Electronic ballasts for highintensity discharge lamps indoor hi. High intensity discharge lamps are essential to achieve high luminous efficacy and high lighting levels.
The advantages and disadvantages of high intensity discharge lamps. Electronic ballasts for highintensity discharge lamps indoor hi installation instructions wiring type and cross section stranded wire or solid wire up to 2. Applications include metal halide mh, pulse start metal halide psmh, and high pressure sodium hps lamps ranging from 35 to 1500 watts. Metal halide lamps produce a bright, white light with the. Use our online configurators to find best system solutions and products. In hid lamps, light is produced by passing an electric current through a gas or vapor at high pressure. High intensity discharge hid lamps are similar to fluorescents in that an arc is generated between two electrodes. The behavior of the gas mixture inside the arc tube is governed by differential. The information contained in this material safety data sheet is supplied in conformity with 29 cfr 1910. Pdf outdoor lighting sources such as high intensity discharge lamps hid are common in these days. Pdf download for behaviour of a highintensity discharge lamp fed. The first high pressure mercury lamp, similar to the ones used today, was introduced in 1934 in the 400watt size. High intensity discharge hid lamps are most often found in industrial and commercial applications, and are the light source of choice in street and area lighting, and sports stadium illumination. Hid, or high intensity discharge light bulbs and lamps, are a family of gas discharge arc lamps which create light by sending an electrical discharge between two electrodes and through a plasma, or ionized gas.
Hid lamps are produced in three types mercury vapor mv, high pressure sodium hps and metal halide mh. Mercury vapor, metal halide and high pressure sodium comprise the family of high intensity discharge lamps hid. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the federal register, the federal register publication controls. Heres a brief introduction to how hids high intensity discharge growlights create all those wonderful photons for your plants. Search results for hid high intensity discharge l lamps. Light is produced by an arc discharge between two electrodes. Download zip file with customizable indesign files 920 kb continue reading. Concentric multilayer model of the arc in high intensity. Metal halide lamps and highpressure sodium vapor lamps both belong to a.
The processes inside the arc tube of high intensity discharge lamps are investigated by finite element simulations. Upgrade to a better white light philips high intensity discharge lighting solutions. How to handle fluorescent and highintensity discharge lamps each year, florida businesses discard millions of lamps containing small amounts of mercury. Highintensity discharge hid lamps include mercury vapor, metal halide, and highpressure sodium lamps. Strip 1011 mm of insulation from the cables to ensure perfect operation of the pushin terminals. Our unique lamps are the lighting of choice across the retail sector from general display to light and colourcritical applications such as fresh produce, jewellery or fashion retail.
Abstract dimming systems for highintensity discharge lamps summarizes information from dimming system manufacturers and from lamp manufacturers. Electronic operation and control of highintensity gas discharge lamps. Light and light sources highintensity discharge lamps. Mercury vapor lamps are the oldest types of high intensity discharge lighting and have been used primarily for street lighting. Links to a pdf and customizable indesign files for the led replacements for high intensity discharge hid lighting comparison tool are below. Engineering high intensity discharge bulletin mercury lamps. This content was uploaded by our users and we assume good faith they have the permission to share this book. Initial lumens the lamp s average light output after the initial 100 hours of operation. Guidelines on the application of dimming to highintensity discharge lamps.
Product number use this number when placing an order. Product code abbreviated product description can also be used for ordering. It also helps explain the technical concerns associated with dimming high intensity discharge hid lamps by discussing relevant literature and. Describes a system for the designation of high intensity discharge lamps, including compact, enclosedarc discharge light sources such as mercury, metal halide, high pressure sodium, and similar types of lamps. These lamps are the most efficient source of high intensity light and are also available in noncycling versions.
Pdf a new scheme of the automotive high intensity discharge hid lamp ballast systems is proposed. Apr 01, 2012 high intensity discharge hid lamps are most often found in industrial and commercial applications, and are the light source of choice in street and area lighting, and sports stadium illumination. The national electrical manufacturers association nema recently updated its guidelines for dimming high intensity discharge lamps. Kr100390100b1 highintensity discharge lamp, system for. High pressure sodium lamps high pressure sodium lamps retrofit mercuryballast sodium lamps greenhouse high pressure sodium lamps mercury lamps mercury lamps selfballasted mercury lamps 1 110. High intensity discharge lamps ceramalux high pressure sodium lamps explanation of suffix in ordering code. Rapid advances in lighting technology and fixture efficiency provide an expanding number of options for supplemental lighting in greenhouses, including numerous led fixtures light emitting diode, see, for a history of led lighting in horticulture. It also helps explain the technical concerns associated with dimming highintensity discharge hid lamps by discussing relevant literature and. Mercury vapor lamps provide about 65 lumens per watt. To meet all requirements, our high power discharge lamp offering is based on 4 technologies. Damar worldwide 4 llc, technical and testing department 16. Electronic ballasts for high intensity discharge lamps indoor hi temperature range the ta temperature value is the basis for specifying the rated life. Like fluorescent, hid lamps are electric discharge lamps. Highintensity discharge hid lamps are similar to fluorescents in that an arc is generated between two electrodes.
The stateoftheart in electrode and plasma diagnostics as well as numerical methods used for the understanding of hid lamps are. Managing used fluorescent lamps, high intensity discharge. Mercury vapor lamps consist of an inner arc discharge tube constructed of quartz. How to handle fluorescent and highintensity discharge lamps. Product title ge 92696 20w high intensity discharge hid lamps, average rating. This document, concerning test procedures for highintensity discharge lamps, is a rulemaking action issued by the department of energy.
Color c comfort color d diffuse coated lv low volt m medium base operating position universal descriptive symbols for high pressure sodium lamps g general lighting w wide beam ew econo. Some drivers have great results in using the hid headlights, whereas others find disadvantages to using them. Abstract dimming systems for high intensity discharge lamps summarizes information from dimming system manufacturers and from lamp manufacturers. Universal ballasts for flourescent and high intensity. This was a tubular source about 4 feet long which produced light that was distinctly bluishgreen in color at a high efficacy compared with the incandescent lamps of those days. Ballasts for high intensity discharge lamps universal means higher expectations in high intensity discharge universal lighting technologies universal offers a wide array of ballasts for high intensity discharge hid lamps. Applications include metal halide mh, pulse start metal halide psmh, and high pressure sodium. Lamp gives a unique combination of unbeatable light quality and consistent performance over lifetime. Heinrich blasius institute for physical technologies, department of mechanical engineering and.
This tube is filled with noble gas and often also contains suitable metal or metal salts. According to wikipedia, high intensity discharge hid lighting is a type of electrical gas discharge lamp that produces light by means of an electric arc between tungsten electrodes housed inside a translucent or transparent fused quartz or fused alumina arc tube. Pdf design and analysis of automotive high intensity discharge. The high intensity discharge lamp comprises a lighting source bulb ib provided with a light transmissive ceramic enclosure 1 defining a pair of smalldiameter cylinders 1b communicating with. It takes plasma, electrodes, and the tube wall into account and enables simulation of acoustic phenomena. Advantage and drawbacks of hid headlights audiomotive. Pdf nonlinear behavior in highintensity discharge lamps. Below you can add an image for hid high intensity discharge lamps that will appear in the manufacture search results on our website. Users may download and print one copy of any publication from the public portal. Highintensity discharge lamps hid lamps are a type of electrical gasdischarge lamp which. The temperature profile of the discharge arc is used as a marker for the emission of visible light. A mercury lamp is an electric discharge lampin which the major portion of the radiation is produced by the excitation of mercury atoms. Electronic ballasts for high intensity discharge lamps.
High pressure sodium lamps high pressure sodium lamps. Guidelines on the application of dimming to highintensity. Replacement of mercury in highpressure discharge lamps by metallic zinc pdf. The arc in an hid source is shorter, yet it generates much more light, heat, and pressure within the arc tube. The arc in a hid source is shorter, yet it generates much more light, heat, and pressure within the arc tube. Below are hid sources, listed in increasing order of efficacy lumens per watt.
Most vehicles contain high intensity discharge hid lamps. Light and light sources gives an introduction to the working principles of high intensity discharge hid lamps and points out challenges and problems associated with the development and operation of hid lamps. Significant improvements have been made in all three high intensity discharge hid, which includes high pressure sodium, hps, and. Ges high intensity discharge lamps hids share a number of important qualities including high efficacy and a long life that combine to make them the most efficient light source for a wide range of different commercial and industrial applications. The relationship between the tc temperature and the ta temperature depends on the design of the luminaire.
The invention provides a high intensity discharge lamp, a high intensity discharge lamp lighting system and a lighting system using the high intensity discharge lamp having a low starting voltage. Hid, or highintensity discharge light bulbs and lamps, are a family of gas discharge arc lamps which create light by sending an electrical discharge between two electrodes and through a plasma, or ionized gas. Choose to either upload the image file directly, or copy and paste a link url that points directly to the image. How to dim a highintensity discharge lamp power electronics. Life testing of high intensity discharge hid lamps. The stateoftheart in electrode and plasma diagnostics as well as numerical methods used for the understanding of hid lamps are described. An additional gas is generally used, and this gas serves as an easy way to classify the major types of hid lamps. Concentric multilayer model of the arc in high intensity discharge lamps for solar simulators with experimental validation. Brighter high lumen output extra life lamp available ventures mh 1500wuxl lamp has a 6000 hour rated life ventures sports 60 lamps are designed for sports lighting aiming angles high lumen output lamps for efficient layout designs good color rendition 6570 cri ed17 ed28 ed37 bt37.
Us5677602a high efficiency electronic ballast for high. High intensity discharge lamps hid lamps are a type of electrical gas discharge lamp which produces light by means of an electric arc between tungsten electrodes housed inside a translucent or transparent fused quartz or fused alumina arc tube. High efficiency electronic ballast for high intensity discharge lamps download pdf info publication number us5677602a. High intensity discharge lamps ge constantcolor ceramic metal halide cmh lighting brings the world to life in glorious colour. Mercury vapor lamps, recognizable by the bluish cast of their light, are the least efficient member of the high intensity discharge hid family. Tabletennis under high intensity discharge hid lighting. Suijker2 1hamburg university of applied sciences, hamburg, germany 2philips lighting, turnhout, belgium abstract worldwide 19% of the electric power is consumed for lighting 1,2. If the measured tc temperature is approximately 5 k under the tc max. High intensity discharge hid lamps current current by ge. Ceramic metal halide master cosmowhite cpott xtra high intensity discharge lamps 300 400 500 600 0,05 0,15 0,25 0,10 0,20 700 0,45 0,40 0,35 0,30 nm cpott 45w 628. A stationary compressible threedimensional 3d model of photothermal processes inside an arc tube of a highintensity discharge lamp is developed on the basis of the finite element method. You should recycle your waste tubes and lamps under the universal waste management rule.1449 9 848 988 1334 1474 32 871 1075 187 906 609 264 1398 92 541 1402 922 12 584 663 76 957 1426 1132 448 503 484 1130 699 508 640 1290 730 914 936 460 1376 487 837 762 1029 1160 995 356 86 553 154