This enables rice plants to produce more grains, which is the reason for growing rice. The constraints to irrigated wetland rice in the sahel of ssa are similar to those. Changes in structure, practices, and costs discusses changes in rice growing farms between 2000 to 20 in terms of operation size and the ways in which rice is. A number of stateled initiatives are aimed at improving output, while the private sector is playing an increasingly important role. Rice production rose gradually over the years with area expansion to surpass major rice producing countries like cote divoire and sierra leone. Kenya imports nearly all of its rice from the far east, with pakistan accounting for 74 percent. The major limiting factor for the growth of rice is not climate, but water supply. Rice production is also restricted by many technical, management, socioeconomic, health, and policy constraints. After payment text your name, your email address and bank teller number to 08060565721 and youll receive your rice farming and processing business plan in nigeria feasibility study. Today, rice is no longer a luxury food to millions of nigerians but has becomethecerealthatconstitutesamajorsourceofcaloriesforthe rural and urban poor with demand growing at an annual rate of 5%. Dr daigo makihara the lead researcher in the programme notes that efforts are underway to develop varieties. Demand for rice began to outstrip supply due to population increase and improved standard of living. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2014 with an increase of x% yeartoyear. Rice production in kenya rice cultivation was introduced in kenya 1907 from asia 16.
There has been a steep decline in rice production in kenya which in turn has led to an increase in the retail prices of 38 percent, piling pressure on households that are already grappling with the. Rice production in ghana has come under scrutiny in recent years, as the government works to reduce its agricultural imports by boosting domestic production. Exploring options for improving rice production to reduce. The mbeya region is a major rice producer with various large to medium scale producers, processors and traders which primarily serve the countrys largest rice market dar es salaam the mbeya region is the third largest producer of rice in tanzania 12% of total production and rice is the 2 nd most. Rice is the third most important staple food in kenya after maize and wheat. Historically, rice is a cash crop for rural producers. Production and marketing of rice in kenya academic journals. As a result, the country has made a name on the list of major rice importing countries in africa and the world as a whole as it has to export quite a significant amount of rice from other countries, top on the list being. Profitable business opportunities to start with low capital 2. The high demand for rice in kenya due to urbanization has led to increases in price. In asia, irrigated agriculture accounts for 90% of total diverted freshwater, and more than 50% of this is required to irrigate rice. Majority of the population both rural and urban populations and across income groups consider maize and maize meal as important items in their household food basket. The ministry of agriculture does not report the market price. The recent merger of research and extension arms under rwanda agriculture board rab has.
Currently, the demand for rice in kenya outstrips its production, a gap that is filled through imports. Hence, rice production is critical to global food security. In 2018, the imports of rice into kenya stood at x tonnes, declining by x% against the previous year. Direct seeding offers a promising solution for this by. This will help the rice farmers to have easy access to our services. An opportunity for actors in the rice value chain about kt kilimo trust kt is a nonprofit and nonpolitical regional organization contributing to efforts designed to make the east african common market eacm work better for wealth creation and elimination of hunger in the region through agriculture. Mati has been working on sri with farmers in mwea and other irrigation schemes since 2009. Enhanced production gradually reduced the need for rice imports. Rice production, food security, new rice for africa, agricultural.
Supports over 500,000 rural households in production agrochemical enterprises, machinery. Sindano or biryani rice is a popular, nonaromatic, imported rice variety consumed especially in budgetconscious households. Rice production and livelihoods in ghana prepared by. The deficit is met through imports which are valued at kshs 7 billion in 2008.
The increases in total production have been steady on each continent except in 2001and 2002. Rice production manual produced by the international rice research institute irri under creative commons. Rice production at mwea scheme falls to lowest level of 35 tonnes munene kamau 30th jan 2017 00. In kenya, rice demand exceeds production and the gap between production and consumption is filled through imports to meet the domestic demand at a huge cost. In line with the use of the ordinary least squares regression olsr technique and as used by fakayode 2009, four functional forms. Card is a consultative group of bilateral donors and regional and international organizations working in collaboration with riceproducing african countries. As a consequence, production and policy decisions in the thai rice sector are often inefficient and ineffective. Economic factors affecting rice production in thailand executive summary relatively little is known about the economic forces that affect rice production in thailand. Oct 10, 2017 its production capacity only amounts to about 30% of this requirement as based on the latest kenya import exports statistics.
Kenya production of rice in irrigation schemes dataset shows rice production in various irrigation schemes over the last five years. Pdf a detailed farm survey was conducted in mwea irrigation scheme, kenya during the 20102011 and 20112012 main growing seasons to assess the. The determinants of rice farmers productivity in ekiti. Though many regions grow the crop for domestic consumption, kenya for a longtime regarded rice as a cash crop. Pdf a brief appraisal of rice production statistics in uganda. In 2019, maize production for kenya was 3,400 tonnes. How to start a rice distribution business in kenya. Combine harvesters and walk behind rice reapers can be used for. Is doubling rice production in kenya by 2018 achievable. The intended location will be very close to the rice plantations in the area. The conditions of rice traders in the rice cultivation area around lake victoria. Analysis of rice supply chain in kenya arc journals. Maize is the key staple food for the kenyan population providing about 65% of staple calorie intake.
Department of agricultural mechanisation and irrigation technology, university for development studies,1882 tamale, ghana. The annual production is around 50,000 metric tons against an annual demand of about 300000 metric tons. Kenya produces enough maize to feed the population based on estimated per capita co. Its goal is to support the efforts of african countries to double rice production on the continent to 28 million tons per annum within 10 years by 2018. The national rice consumption is estimated at 300,000 metric tones compared to an annual production range of 45,000 to 80,000 metric tones.
Uganda, 241,550 km 2 in area, is a highland plateau country in eastcentral africa, the lowest point being 621 m above sea level. Scientists say it could revolutionise rice production in the continent. Though many regions grow the crop for domestic consumption, kenya for a longtime regarded rice as. More than,000 people had benefited from the program as of december of 2017, with rice farmers tripling production. Protein intake from rice over the same period increased from 5. Boosting rice production through increased mechanisation. In some areas there is a long tradition of rice growing, but for many, rice has been considered a luxury food for special occasions only. In nigeria rice farming is a very lucrative investment that shouldnt in any way whatsoever be.
Cost and return analysis of rice production in kwara state. Nigeria is the largest producer of rice in west africa producing cover 46 percent of the regions total production singh et al 1997. Growth and production of rice encyclopedia of life. Rice output in kenya has steadily decreased, falling short to meet the consumption demand of 280,000 tonnes annually. About 80% of rice is produced under irrigation in public irrigation schemes however, about 80% of total consumption is imported key constraints include. To have a successful rice production in nigeria, the choice of land that you use in planting your rice really matters. Table 1 shows the national and global rice production and consumption trends from 2001 2007.
It is also high yielding varietiesseed supply rice is grown from pregerminated seed, which is first grown in the nursery before transplanting. This makes rice an important source of employment and income, particularly for the rural people. The development objective of the expanding rice production project for tanzania is to increase rice produced and marketed in the morogoro region in the tanzania mainland and in zanzibar, leading to improved rural incomes and food security. Mechanization increased number of combine harvesters. Pdf adoption, constraints and economic returns of paddy rice. Rice is grown on more than 144 million rice farms, mostly smaller than 1 hectare3. Consumption is on the increase due to urbanization and change of eating habits national consumption in 2017. Agriculture kopia, this manual covers rice cultivation with emphasis on best practices. Rice consumption has been growing much more rapidly than production at an average rate of 11 percent per year since kenya s independence in 1960. Over 90% of the worlds total rice crop is produced in south and east asia. The article, comparison of yields of paddy rice under system of rice intensification in mwea, kenya, compares yields of three rice varieties grown under sri management with reduced water applications versus conventional practices of continuous flooding cf.
In general, rice imports, however, continue to indicate a remarkable expansion. Its production capacity only amounts to about 30% of this requirement as based on the latest kenya import exports statistics. New technique boosting rice production in mwea daily nation. Rice production continues to rise, driven by mechanisation global rice production has grown at an.
Quality rice seed production manual 1 introduction agriculture is the backbone of most economies in subsaharan africa, and quality seed is the fuel for agricultural development. This study provides some answers to these questions by undertaking statistical and econometric analysis on data from a farm investment climate assessment ica conducted in cambodia. The major rice production systems are upland, hydromorphic and rainfed lowland which together occupy more than 74% of area cultivated see table 2. Nov 12, 2016 the first hybrid rice developed in subsaharan africa is being tested in kenya. At the national level, hybrid and ordinary maize should be reported separately owing to widely different yields and. Best practices of crop area estimation in kenya eagri ga nr. It is the third most important cereal crop after maize and wheat 11, 17, 28. Aside from helping farmers mill their rice, we also plan to have a feed mill where the byproducts from the milled rice the husk, bran, and other waste will be used in producing livestock feeds. Local rice production cannot meet the increasing demand for rice in many african countries hossain, 2006. Rice production in nigeria rice is an increasingly important crop in nigeria.
This has necessitated the import dependency ratio to be very high about 88% in the last decade. Situation and challenges of food production policy in kenya. Although it may be surprising, it is possible to get many more grains of rice from a field by. It is not clear that rice production is the best use for irrigated land in kenya. Rice consumption has been growing much more rapidly than production at an average rate of 11 percent per year since kenyas independence in 1960. Major rice ecologies and production trends in west africa the slow growth in domestic rice production has been attributed to the very low yield being achieved by west african rice farmers. The 2nd working week on nrds revision in ethiopia november. Kenya has about a population of 50 million and this number eats rice at least thrice a week. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for rice in kenya food and. By the late 2000s, rice had become such an important crop that the ugandan government promulgated the national rice development strategy maaif, 2009, which states that rice production is a key. Though kenya maize production fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1970 2019 period ending at 3,400 tonnes in 2019. A case of wheat and rice production in kenya, kenyas smallscale rice farmers only have incentive to grow rice, if the advalorem tariff persists at 75 percent. Sep 14, 2011 the scheme is fed with water by canals that were constructed in the late 50s in order to boost rice production in the region but after the liberalization of the rice farming in the year 2000, the canals and other accompanying infrastructure have since been vandalized by some individuals for selfish gains at the expense of other farmers. Basmati rice variety has best ratooning ability and takes only 2 months for ratoon crop to mature.
Rice growth and development karen moldenhauer, paul counce and jarrod hardke r ice is an annual grass figure 21 with round, hollow, jointed culms. You may also visit the kenya rice knowledge bank developed in close partnership with the kenya agricultural research institute kari. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for rice in kenya. Rice production, improved production, irrigation water, rice seed. Rice consumption by kenyans on the rise despite declining. About 84% of the riceproduction growth has been attributed to modern farming technologies that have produced semidwarf, earlymaturing rice varieties that can be planted up to three times per year and are responsive to nitrogen fertilizers. Rice for africa is the coalition for african rice development card online presence. Areas that are suitable for paddy production are the low altitude areas below 350metres above sea level of usangu basin in mbarali, kamsamba in momba. The current rice production is estimated at 150,000 metric tons from about 25,000 hectares of land kenya bureau of statistics, 2016. Kenya grain and feed annual 2016 kenya corn, wheat and.
Rice knowledge for kenya this page highlights countryspecific, uptodate information on rice and ricebased cropping systems for farmers and extension workers in kenya. Rice seeds are available from national irrigation board nib and mwea irrigation. Incentives increasing water crisis is forcing farmers and researchers to find out ways to decrease water use in rice production. Recent ers reports relating to rice include the following.
Its a sure breakfast every sunday morning, especially in christians homes. Kenya pishori rice goes at ksh 6 per kg in retail, and at ksh 128 at wholesale. Domestic production of rice in ghana has been less than consumption needs, for a long period of time. An overview of global rice production, supply, trade, and. Kenya region rice irrigation schemes ahero, west kano and bunyala.
It is relatively easy to produce and is grown for sale and for home consumption. The 2nd working week on nrds revision in ethiopia november, 2019. Rice farming in kenya january 14, 2018 rice production involves various steps including. Despite local peoples efforts to increase the production of rice, the kenya government has improved rice production in this area though an. The nrds aims to achieve selfsufficiency in rice production by 2018, and to.
The determinants of rice farmers productivity were modelled on socioeconomic and farm characteristics. Rice consumption has been growing much more rapidly than production at an average rate of 11 percent per year since kenyas independence in. Rice production afa agriculture and food authority. If you want to stay in the rice farming business for long, it is advisable that you select a site in ecological zones where rice is grown traditionally. Rice production, just like any other crop enterprise, requires good quality seed in order for productivity to increase. Quality rice seed production manual quality rice seed. The leaves are long and flattened, and its panicle, or inflorescence, is made up of spikelets bearing flowers that produce the fruit, or grain many cultures have evidence of early rice cultivation, including china, india, and the civilizations of southeast asia.
According to the statistics available, the rate of rice consumption in kenya is around 12% per year. Rice knowledge for kenya this page highlights countryspecific, uptodate information on rice and rice based cropping systems for farmers and extension workers in kenya. The baseline study provides an overview of the rice growing practices. The cultivated rice plant, oryza sativa, is an annual grass of the gramineae family. Pdf rice productivity, water and sanitation baseline survey. Evans atera and others published production and marketing of rice in kenya. Unreliable production and marketing arrangements have also contributed to this situation.
Kenya eac rice import tariffs and food security update. The expanding rice production project has made an impact on food security by quickly and effectively increasing rice production in tanzania. Landlocked and surrounded by five other nations, it has a long border with lake victoria and has many other large water bodies. Rice rice in kenya is mainly grown in irrigation schemes that are managed by the stateowned national irrigation board nib.
May 10, 20 kenya, for instance, has a rice production deficit of more than 200,000 tonnes, which has to be met by importing rice, resulting in loss of currency. In area and production, china is the leading country in the world. In most continents except the americas and oceania, there was a decrease in production in either 2001, 2002 or in. Rice production land preparation flood fields then till using tractor drawn rotatillers level well 35 times using bulldrawn leveling board transplanting seedlings ready for transplanting after 2128 days in the nursery spacing 20cm x 20cm, 2 seedlings per hill. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for rice in uganda. Rice farmers were classified using the mwea irrigation agricultural development miad input use guide. Rice is the greatest consumer of water among all crops and uses about 80% of the total irrigated freshwater resources. Production table 1 shows that rice production has increased worldwide over the last 42 years 1965 to 2007. Experts work on developing new rice varieties in one of the rice labs at kalro in mwea. Oct 03, 2017 kenyas rice consumption has been growing at the rate of 10 percent a year to stand at 400,000 tonnes, according to the ministry of agriculture. To make up for the shortfall in production, nigeria spends over n356 million annually in.
Gis map showing suitable areas for growing rice in kenya on a scale of. Trends in rice production, consumption, and imports in kenya. Kenyas rice consumption has been growing at the rate of 10 percent a year to stand at 400,000 tonnes, according to the ministry of agriculture. The uganda national rice development strategy nrds lays out ugandas strategy for promotion of rice production between 200910 201718 with the aim of increasing household food security and reduce household poverty through increased production of high quality rice. Since the introduction of nerica, rice production has shown an upward trend both in acreage and in the volume of production figure 2. Data collected were analysed using the ordinary least squares multiple regression analysis.
Production of paddy rice can be doubled from 899,000 tons produced in 2008 to 1,963,000 tons by 2018 and productivity will be improved from 1. Other cash crops 2 grown include cotton, sugar and sunflower. In addition to the irrigated basmati rice, the gok and county governments are promoting production new rice for africa nerica, an improved, rainfed, upland rice variety. By 1970 production of rice had expanded into most of the suitable areas as it gained popularity in the area as a source of cash income.101 910 431 1413 842 286 750 618 75 156 268 256 642 650 59 1224 26 296 777 1339 1240 583 1035 560 1201 322 1145 553 1040 411 12 789 244 373 106 590 1012 466 1458 217 999 1187 626